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Page with the question from IS3 and space to add your answers

Page history last edited by Mr T NPHS 10 years, 8 months ago

answers is3 basisipho.docx

Question from IS3, Ahliah School, Lebanon

 

What are your long lasting traditions? Are the ancient images and sounds of your country supporting such traditions and relating them to our recent age? In what aspects? 

 


Answer from IS1 

 

Long-lasting Traditions in Hungary 

 

 

In Hungary most of the long-lasting traditions are connected to traditional christian holidays and celebrations. We have collected information about  the traditional customs connected to the two most important holidays: Easter and Christmas. However, some of the customs are of pagan origin, so they are deeply rooted in Hungarian culture.

 

 

Easter - the habit of sprinkling

 

Easter is a two-day holiday in Hungary. On Monday men and boys visit their women relatives, friends and neighbours. Boys in small groups, fathers with their sons, or single men leave their homes early in the morning and their tours last all day long. They greet girls and women with rhymes and sprinkle them with water or cologne. Women must be well-prepared, they treat men with dessert and beverages and they give hand-painted eggs in return. Young girls and even boys learn how to decorate the eggs at an early age, even in the kindergarden do their teachers show them this ancient craft. There are hundreds of techniques, the images of our country really support this tradition, old traditional patterns and methods live together with new ones. Every woman wants to be proud of her clean and attractively decorated home, so the patterns and methods to be used are most important. On the other hand, men and boys carefully select the poems and rhymes they want to greet the ladies with.

The photos below show the traditional way of sprinkling with buckets of water. The folk costumes people wear in the pictures are only worn on special occasions today

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 The typical sounds you usually hear are the screams of girls and the laughs of  boys. And the penetrating odor of cologne soon fills all the places of the country.

A couple of decades ago it was different. Men poured water on girls, or boys dragged girls to the well and poured water on them with pail, sometimes boys even washed girls in creeks. The possible origin of this tradition can be that people believed in the cleaning, healing and fertility effect of water.

Here comes the translation of a popular Hungarian sprinkling rhyme we found on the net:

 

Bright and early,  to the road I took,

Both food and water, I forsook.

On my shoulder, a satchel heavy,

My feet - worn to the knees - no longer steady.

Half  the world over, have I travelled, round and round,

And seen pretty flowers, so many, many abound.

The most beautiful flower, just now I came upon-

This flower, I could not wait to sprinkle on.

Red Easter-egg and snow-white bunny,

A kiss I'll earn for sprinkling you-

My little honey!

 

Painted eggs:

Hungary's folk art heritage is colourful and varied. Hungarian Easter egg decorating techniques and motifs show the same regional variety as do Hungarian embroideries. Decorating techniques include etching the egg, wax resist dyeing methods, applying metal horse shoes to delicate eggs, or painting colourful motifs on the painted eggs using paintbrushes.

 

 

      Christmas in Hungary

 

Christmas is really special in Hungary. On 6th December Mikulás ( the Hungarian St Nicholas) arrives. He visits children accompanied by little devilish creatures resembling the devil.

Mikulás wears a red miter on the head, has a staff in one hand and a sack full of treats for nice children in the other. The 'Devil' is dressed up in black with horns on the head a long tail. He has a bunch of long twigs to hit naughty children with.

However, the highlight of Christmas celebrations in Hungary also takes place on Christmas Eve. Hungarian families gather around the Christmas tree, sing songs and open gifts which the children believe were brought for them by the Baby Jesus and the angels.

At school Hungarian children perform a Nativity play, in which some shepherds visit the baby Jesus in Bethlehem.

 

 

http://www.hungarotips.com/customs/locsol.html 

http://www.jcu.edu/language/hunghemu/hungh6AS.html

http://www.folkology.com/hungarian-easter-egg-decoration/

 

Vokó Boldizsár

 


Answer from IS2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Answer from IS4

Question : What are your long lasting traditions? Are the ancient images and sounds of your country supporting such traditions and relating them to our recent age? In what aspects? 

 

 

Rose Festival or Festival of Roses is a festival which celebrates the harvest of pink The festival is part in the economy of the region by bringing” klaat Megouna” In the dry folds on the High Atlas Mountains, approaching the Sahara, there’s an unexpected place called the Vallee des Roses where, in spring, the entire area is awash with pink Persian roses. In the small town of El Kelaa M’Gouna, roses nestle among the hedgerows so that they’re not immediately visible, but they are the town’s lifeblood, from their cultivation through to the production of rosewater.

The flowers are harvested in mid-May, an event celebrated in the colorful and sweet-smelling Rose Festival, which draws around 20,000 people to the small town. The three-day festival is a time of song and dance, feasting, souk-like markets and a chariot procession through a shower of rose petals. There’s also a beauty pageant of sorts, with a Miss Rose crowned each year.

 

 

The Festival of Engagement” Imilchil” is a festival held each year in “Imilchil” near Errachidia. Even though the Imilchil Festival is a wedding festival, it is not a wedding venue and no-one gets married during this time. It is a Moroccan event that commemorates the love, the heartache and the tragedy that befell two lovers many years ago. According to legend, the lovers came from two Berber tribes that lived in the Atlas Mountains. As expected, their parents did not approve of the romance and forbade them from getting married. Torn between their families and the thought of a lifetime without each other, Tislet and Isli decided to drown themselves in the lakes nearby. But their story does not end there. They were unable to unite in death, as the mountain that separates the two lakes also separates their spirits, leaving them to yearn for each other in death as they had in life. After this event, families of the different tribes decided that both men and women would be able to choose their own life partner.

 

 

Eid al-Fitr marks the end of the 30-day fasting period of Ramadan and is a great celebration throughout the Muslim world. Celebrations take place all over Morocco and on the evening of Eid al-Fitr it is common to get together with friends, families and loved ones for a huge feast. It is also common for Muslim women to decorate their hands with intricate patterns that are painted on with henna.

Eid Al-Adha is referred to as Eid Al-Kabir – the "Big Holiday" – because of its tremendous significance to Muslims. It's one of two main Islamic holidays. This year, Muslims worldwide will observe Eid Al-Adha on or around November 27, 2009. The holiday lasts for three days.Eid Al-Adha translates to "Festival of Sacrifice" and commemorates Prophet Abraham's willingness to obey God when he was asked to sacrifice his son. Muslims observe this day by slaughtering an animal – usually a sheep, goat or cow – according to humane Islamic guidelines (zabiha), and then offering much of its meat in charity.

 

http://journals.worldnomads.com/worldfestivals/post/32420.aspx

http://moroccanfood.about.com/od/ramadanspecialoccasions/a/Eid_Al_Adha.htm

 

 Miss Chaimae Aakri , From IS4 Morocco.


Answer from IS5

Sinterklaas (Saint Nicholas) is a celebration for little children.

They can ask for presents on a presents list. 

Zwarte Piet (Black Pete) is a helper of Saint Nicholas. 

The children believe that Sinterklaas and Zwarte Piet give them the presents.  

This is not really true, the parents buy the presents.  

Sinterklaas is a lot like Christmas, but it's celebrated on December 5th and there is no tree.

This is still are widely celebrated holiday.

 

Here are some pictures and a movie about Sinterklaas

 

 

    

 

This is Sinterklaas arriving on his steamboat:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qIbMj7ZVFh4

This is one of the traditional songs the children sing for Sinterklaas

Zie ginds komt de stoomboot ("Watch the steamboat coming") 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1B6gdE7_dmc

 

 

 

 


Answer from IS6

 

 

Ukrainian women are fond of embroidery and it is one of the long lasting traditions in Ukraine. Since ancient times  women embroidered their clothes and men’s clothes. Ukrainian “rushnyk” – embroidered towel  is a special thing which a Ukrainian starts his/her life and which is present at his/her funeral.

The design of each rushnyk is unique as are the colours of the threads. They speak their own story and are symbolic: red for love, black for sorrow, white for innocence. Rushnyk  is a sacred thing for every family and is given from generation to generation. There are special wedding rushnyks, they are given for happiness. There are a lot of songs devoted to rushnyk and of course it has always been a tradition for women to sing while imbroidering. 

 

 

 

The Tradition of Pysanka

Pysanka is the traditional Ukrainian Easter egg. The origin of the word pysanka comes from the Ukrainian verb "pysaty", which means to write or to paint. Symbols and ornaments are painted on an egg with melted beeswax.

The symbol of an egg is present in many ancient cultures of the world. Easter eggs can be made of stone, metal or wood and decorated with precious stones.

Many rituals are associated with pysankas. The first Easter meal begins with an Easter egg. The head of the family cuts it into small pieces and gives to each member of the family with the words « Christ has risen».

The patterns that pysankas are decorated with contain encoded wishes for happiness, a rich harvest, health and wealth. They are presented to people as a sign of friendship and are also used by girls to send love messages to young men.

In the Ukraine town of Kolomya , there is a pysanka museum, the only museum of this kind in Ukraine. Its collection contains more than 10,000 pysankas from every region of Ukraine as well as from four foreign countries.

                               

 

 

 

 


Answer from IS7

In south Africa we have a lot different traditions according to the different cultural groups.The real tradition that  is longlasting to South Africa,is the tradition of the a koisan.

 

The Late Stone Age people in parts of southern Africa were the ancestors of the Khoisan people who inhabited the Kalahari Desert. These early hunter gatherers[2] lived here at least as late as the first century AD.[3]

Over the centuries San peoples were absorbed, killed, or displaced by Bantu speaking societies who were migrating south in search of new lands, most notably the Xhosa and Zulu. Both have adopted some Khoisan clicks and loan words into their respective languages. The Khoisan survived in the desert or in areas with winter rains which were not suitable for Bantu crops. During the colonial era they lived in South Africa, Namibia and Botswana. Today many of the San live in parts of the Kalahari Desert where they are better able to preserve much of their cherished culture.

The koisan people kept South Africa alive.although they were killed in numerous number,the ones that remain are the pillars in our nation.They were skilled people,they survived in the most difficult times.They drew about their life on mountains and those stone ages today help us to appriciate,they help us not to give up and most of all they make us proud to be South African.

 


Answer from IS8

 

Easter is the major Ukrainian religious holiday. Christmas is fun and all, but Easter is the Big Time. Easter preparations are made during the last week of Lent. The house is cleaned/scourged. All sorts of non-lenten foods are prepared (but not eaten), using butter, meat and eggs. Sausages are stuffed, pasky are baked (lovely sweet yellow bread). Eggs are boiled and colored.

Pysanky – raw, decorated eggs – are also made. The pysanka (from the Ukrainian word “pysaty”– to write) is probably Ukraine’s most famous product

Pysanky were made by the women of the house, during Lent. They would gather eggs, and save the best ones for making pysanky. On the chosen evening, they would gather, say a prayer, and then talk and sing while decorating their eggs.

 

     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Answer from IS9

 

Our long lasting traditions are to value friends and family and respect your elders and peers at all times. We also share a common interest in marriages because although we have many cultures in South Africa we all believe that when a person in your family is getting married they are not the only ones getting married but the two families are too.

The some ancient images and sounds do support these traditions and try to teach us these things today but most of them sing about what happened during apartheid. The ones that do teach us, teach us to respect everyone and to embrace and care about each other.

 

 

 

This is a picture of a lady attending a wedding in the Zulu culture.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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